Can Windows Scan Files on Extern Drive?

I use Windows for work and Linux at home. Say I want to use the same SSD to backup my personal and work files. If I plug in the drive to Windows, can it scan all my files even if they are never copied to the hard drive?

Windows can read the files on the ssd as long as they are in a file system type that it can read (for example windows can’t read ext4)


I guess I need to go back to my original model and keep a separate drive to plug into windows, and then sync that to my main backup drive.

Thanks for the info.